Tag Archives: logarithms

Precal Files: Logs

Yes!  It’s my final unit for my Precal files!  See my entire year’s worth of stuff (and FAQs) on this page.

In my regular Precal classes, I normally start with an exponent review:

Log files from megcraig.org(doc file here-requires Running for a Cause font) (pdf file here)

Then we played a grudge match:

Log files from megcraig.org(powerpoint file here)

For my honors classes, we did exponent review during bellringers the week before and jumped right into graphing exponentials.

Log files from megcraig.org(file here)

and solving exponentials:

Log files from megcraig.orgHere’s the homework for the chapter:

Log files from megcraig.org(file here)

Then it was time to break out the logs!!!

Log files from megcraig.org

(file here) This year I want to be more explicit about how a log is the inverse/can undo an exponent. I think some of them still weren’t clear on that and what that meant for us. But meanwhile, we did some log graphs:

Log files from megcraig.org(file here)

Then some log properties.

Log files from megcraig.org(file here) We did a nice worksheet using log properties to solve equations from a “Calculaughs” joke worksheet book for Algebra II/Precal.

Then we stepped up the solving logs a bit:

Log files from megcraig.org

(file here) And did some group whiteboarding with these problems the next day:

Log files from megcraig.org(file here)

Then some applications:

Log files from megcraig.org Log files from megcraig.org(file here) WARNING!!!  You see that nice pretty chart where we’re going to notice that as we compound more and more, it will equal the Pert formula?  Yeah, it breaks when you do the seconds one in a TI!  It looks like you actually make more than continuously compounding!  Wolfram Alpha saved the day, but it made for a great discussion! Just wanted to let you know ahead of time so you don’t freak out in the middle of class. 🙂

Then it was time for a study guide:

Log files from megcraig.org(file here)

Because of some weird scheduling, after the test we spent a couple days on these advanced, precalculus-in-the-true-sense-of-the-word problems:

Log files from megcraig.org Log files from megcraig.org

(file here)

Well, that’s it! I’m done with my Precal files! Until I make something new when I start back next week. Stay tuned!

Category: Precal | Tags: , ,

An Algebraic Epiphany

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People, this post is why I love the #MTBoS.  You can’t read everything, learn everything, critically think about everything; but if you read blogs and tweets, then you can collect more of that knowledge than you would alone. So even though I am not participating in the #intenttalk book study/chat (Am I the only one who always thinks it’s Kimmie Schmidt on the cover?), I did see this tweet from Bridget:

I used that method a wee bit this year when I taught inverse functions and a few students really latched onto it. But now I’m thinking of starting this way on day one,  building on it, and tying it into Glenn’s three rules of mathematics. I sat down and played with it a bit for the last few days and all I can say is:

Are you ready for this?  Ok, let’s just dip our toes in:

Flowchart math from megcraig.orgThe main idea being that we think through the equation “forwards” and then work back to the solution using inverses. Another easy one:

Flowchart math from megcraig.orgI like (a) completing the circle of life by checking our answer and (b) each column showing equal values.

How about we try out the shallow end:

Flowchart math from megcraig.org Flowchart math from megcraig.orgYeah, I’m totally digging the two arrows for square root, too.

Flowchart math from megcraig.orgAre your ready to put your head underwater?  Ok, here it is….wait for it…

Flowchart math from megcraig.org

So one place where this method has problems is if there are variables on both sides. But I want to use this more as an introduction in each section, not a method for solving each individual equation. However, we can use the fact that each column is equal to set up the rest of the problem and finish with quadratic formula.

Now I thought for sure this could not work with quadratics. OR COULD IT?

flowchart math from megcraig.orgOk, so the weird thing here is that (a) my new erasable markers don’t like it when you rewrite over something you just erased and (b) we have 2 places that x is involved, so 2 starting points. But then I don’t know how they are going to add to equal 6. But (spoiler alert!) we do know what has to happen if we’re going to multiply to equal zero…

flowchart math from megcraig.orgHere the two back arrows from zero come from the fact we had two x inputs. Pretty powerful, eh?  Let’s try it on some other tricky problems, like rational exponents:

flowchart math from megcraig.orgOk, guys, we’re going to jump into the deep end now….ABSOLUTE VALUE!

flowchart math from megcraig.org

Update: I was so excited about “un-absolute valuing” that I forgot to “un-multiply”. -6 should turn into 3, which would then turn into -3 and 3; and finally -6 and 0 as the answers. Which I probably would have noticed if I followed my own recommendation to circle back through.

Holy cow I’m in LOVE LOVE LOVE with having to “unabsolute value” as a step, because of course to “unabsolute value” you go back to positive or negative.

But wait, what about….

flowchart math from megcraig.orgOk, ok, a little tricky, but not undo-able.

Now I did have trouble with this problem:

flowchart math from megcraig.orgI wasn’t sure if my beginning value should be x or 5. When I tried it with 5, I thought of it as “If I’m at 125, what root would I need to get to 5?  Oh, the third  root. That means the original operation in the top line needs to be the inverse of the third root, which is cubing, which means x = 3.”

But if I keep my beginning value as x, then it leads into a nice intro/need for logs:

flowchart math from megcraig.orgAnd then I went crazy with the log problems!  (Although not pictured is two logs equal to each other, e.g. log (x + 7) = log (2x – 4). I’ll leave it as an exercise for the reader; it really is quite pretty.)

flowchart math from megcraig.orgflowchart math from megcraig.org flowchart math from megcraig.org flowchart math from megcraig.orgThe last one being another case of, “Uh-oh, need to rewrite this as something isn’t so ambiguous.” Another case of that:

flowchart math from megcraig.orgOk, ok, I don’t know why I didn’t have two starting x’s and then divide them, but isn’t it just beautiful how it works out this way?  So I went some more down that path:

flowchart math from megcraig.orgThen I thought of other problems that cause students anguish, and immediately thought of the difference between 2sin(x) and sin(2x):

flowchart math from megcraig.org flowchart math from megcraig.orgAfter this, my brain was pretty much done for the day.  Or at least, I thought it was. Then I had a shower thought (where all problems are solved): hey, wonder if I could tie it to graphing transformations?

flowchart math from megcraig.orgGAH!!!!!  So you go through all the steps, then find your parent function, in this case absolute value. You have to use inverses to get to x (minus three, or in this case three to the left) and OH I SHOULD HAVE PUT = Y AT THE VERY END BECAUSE THEN YOU TRAVEL “FORWARD” (stretch 2, down 4) FROM THE PARENT FUNCTION TO GET TO Y.

Another one?  ANOTHER ONE!

flowchart math from megcraig.orgI don’t know why you would want it, but if you did want all of these examples in one pdf, here you go. Now there are some drawbacks as I’ve mentioned: things need to be simplified first, somethings get a little wonky, how will this work for trickier equations; but I think Kayne sums it up pretty nicely:

Would love any thoughts/opinions/comments/suggestions/epiphanies!